When post-election government economic reports are released in the next several months, don't be surprised if conditions are much worse than those reported before the election. This shouldn't be interpreted as conditions having actually significantly deteriorated (although this is probably happening as well), but that there is now less motivation for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to fudge the figures to make them look better. The Employment Report released this morning is a case in point. While this report generally contains more fantasy than a Harry Potter novel, apparently there is some limit to the BLS's job conjuring . Now that the election is over, we find that unemployment shot up significantly in October and job losses for August and September were much higher than originally reported. Must be 'coincidence' that they missed reporting on those bigger job losses before people voted.
While the unemployment figures are still grossly understated, they are bad enough as is. A loss of 240,000 jobs took place in October and the official unemployment rate rose to 6.5% from 6.1%. September's job losses were revised upward to 248,000 from the previously reported 159,000 and August now has a loss of 127,000 jobs instead of 73,000. So far the number of jobs have shrunk every month this year and according to the BLS, the total loss is now 1.2 million. The official unemployment rate is now as bad as it got in the 2001 recession and is heading toward the higher levels of the 1991 recession (as you go back in time, each recession was worse in the U.S. until 1974).
Evidence that the BLS is underreporting unemployment can be found in the statistics for the number of people collecting unemployment insurance. It has already hit a 25 year high of 3.84 million, a level last reached in the devastating 1982 recession. Unemployment is paid by the states and there are already five states with insolvent unemployment trust funds and another eight states teetering on insolvency. To handle this situation, the federal government has been 'lending' the states money at very low interest rates. For their part, the states are trying to raise unemployment insurance rates paid by companies, many of which are having serious financial problems of their own (many states lowered unemployment insurance taxes when the economy was good and companies could afford to pay more). Few things are more certain than a number of state unemployment trust funds will need a major bailout by the federal government in the not too distant future.
While it should be axiomatic that a growing economy creates jobs and a deteriorating economy losses jobs, the U.S. government still has not acknowledged a recession exists even after 10 months of steep job losses. More proof of recession can be found in weekly unemployment claims. These were 481,000 last week and have been over the 400,000 level, usually considered the cutoff for an economic decline, for a long time. Perhaps now that the election is over one of the government's other great works of fantasy, the GDP report, will start to veer closer to reality.
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